In nursing, you can find several reflective models such as Kolb Reflective cycle (1984), Schön model (1991), Driscoll model (1994), Rolfe et Al’s Framework for Reflexive Learning (2001), Johns’ Model for Structured Reflection (2006), Gibbs Reflective Cycle (1988), and a few more. In this blog, our experts have discussed the Gibbs Reflective Cycle in detail. Let’s begin the tour and clear all your doubts related to the GIBBS Reflective Model!
Gibbs Reflective Cycle – Overview
Gibbs Reflective Cycle is one of the most used reflection cyclical models that discuss 5 different stages, i.e. experience; description; feelings; evaluation; analysis; conclusion, and action plan. This cyclical model of reflection was developed by Graham Gibbs in 1988 with the purpose to provide a structure to learn from experience. It provides a framework to examine experiences and the cyclic nature that permits you to observe, learn, and plan from such experiences which may or may not go well. It includes 6 stages:
- Description of an event, situation, or experience
- Thoughts and feelings about a particular experience
- Evaluation of that experience discussing good as well as bad aspects
- Analysing the experience
- Conclude your learning and what could be done differently
- Action plan to deal with such situations if occurred in future
Our Nursing Assignment Help Experts have discussed the following:
- The model – we have discussed each stage of the Gibbs reflective model
- Various reflection depths including an example for each
Gibbs’s reflective model is one of the best ways to work through an experience. It can be both a situation you go through with and a stand-alone experience. For instance; if you opt for a stand-alone experience, then the action plan can be more general and focuses on the ways in which you can apply them in your conclusion and action plan for the future.
In the below section, you will find some helpful questions for each of the stages of the Gibbs reflective model. Being a student, you are required to answer all of them while writing assignments for Gibbs reflective cycle.
This section allows you to discuss the experience/situation in detail. You are generally required to focus on what happened. Your concluding statement and feelings will come later.
- What happened?
- Where and when did it happen?
- Who all were present when the incident takes place?
- How you and other people react at the time of the incident?
- What was the result?
- Why were you there?
Here, you are required to explore your thoughts and feelings that you have experienced and its impact.
Some helpful questions may be like:
- How did you feel at the time of the situation?
- How you felt before and after the situation?
- What others were feeling about the situation?
- What others may be feeling about the situation?
- What was your thinking when the situation took place?
- What you are thinking now about the situation?
Here, you are free to evaluate the things that have worked and that haven’t worked for the situation. While evaluating, you must be as honest and objective as you can. Moreover, you may focus on the positive as well as negative aspects of the situation.
- Discuss the bad and good about the situation
- What are the things that went well?
- What didn’t work as per the expectation?
- How did other people and you have contributed to that situation?
The analysis is s section to make sense for the situation, i.e. what happened. In the above sections, you have focused on details such as what happened in the situation. This section asks you to extract meaning from your experience. You may concentrate on different aspects that have gone poorly or well and find reasons for it. In case, if you are asked to include academic literature, then this can be the perfect place for it.
Questions that can help you in analysing are:
- How did things go well?
- Why things do not go as per the expectation?
- The sense that you can make from the situation?
- What sorts of knowledge can be helpful in understanding the situation?
This section is written to make conclusions for the situation based on your experience. Here, you may summarise all our learning and showcase the changes that can be made in the actions to improve the future result. According to our experts providing Gibbs reflective models assignment help in Australia, the questions that can be helpful in making the conclusion are:
- What have you learned from the situation?
- Discuss the points that can make the situation more positive.
- Required skill to handle such a situation effectively
- What could be alternate things that can be done?
Here, you think about the things that you would do differently in case if a similar situation is faced in the future. Thinking about the steps that can be altered or avoided in such a situation can be quite helpful, but ensure that it works effectively. However, here are a few suggested questions for developing an action plan.
- What are the things that can be done differently in the same situation?
- What are the possible steps to develop the skills required to deal with the situation?
- Determining the ways that will surely help next time?
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