5 Types of Nursing Assessments Every Nurse Needs To Know
Nursing assessments are important functions that involve performance of various types of assessments for conducting a medical check. Alex & Schulz (2016) have stated the importance of nursing assessments in defining its broad scope, ranging from focusing on mental health to an individual's single body system. They have further identified various assessments in the contemporary and potential care diaspora by using critical perspectives to recognize the abnormal from the normal. At Online Assignment Expert, nursing assignment help has developed its course structure by recognizing these contemporary practices in the medical world. Our experts suggest that as nursing students, one must be familiar with various nursing assessments to earn this professional degree in Australia.
Moreover, nursing students can access any academic guidance all over Australia through the assignment help Sydney team. The nursing assignment helps the expert team comprises nursing and medical professionals willing to guide you through various assessments. Their insights can be a valuable input to your academic work.
As a nurse, you must keep in mind that you are conducting the various assessments which are primarily due to the patient's illness and suffering. They may also present relative information in relation to the previous assessments that have been done.
Here’s a holistic overview provided by the nursing assignment help team on the types of nursing assessments practised in Australia:
1. Head-To-Toe Admission Assessment
This is one of the most fundamental and comprehensive nursing assessments performed when the patient first arrives for the first session. Given the nature of the problem for which they have come, it is critical to undertake a complete assessment of the patient's condition, taking into account their medical history.
In a head-to-toe evaluation, a nurse must grasp a patient's whole physical, mental, and emotional well-being. They'll also need other key needs for a thorough head-to-toe evaluation, such as:
- Watch or clock
- Blood Pressure cuffs
The individual nurse's experience can determine the order of the head-to-toe examinations. Nonetheless, many nurses prefer to complete the examination from the top to the bottom (or head to toe!). In this examination, nurses must complete the following basic checklist:
- Blood pressure, temperature, vital signs, respiration rate, pulse oximetry, pain, and other vital indicators are measured.
- Neuro – to assess their degree of consciousness and see if they can move all four limbs equally well.
- Face – notice if the color of the face looks healthy, mouth, and lips and any visual deficiencies (field-cuts, nystagmus, etc.) and symmetry.
- Respiratory – pay close attention to the sounds of the lungs, notice any anomalies, and think about your vital sign results (pulse ox). Take note of if they require supplemental oxygen and whether this has altered recently.
- Cardiac - listen for any irregular rhythms, check pulse in the feet, arms, and legs, and check the heart rate.
- Abdomen – to examine and listen for any unusual sounds.
- Extremities - assess the range of motion, strength, feeling, and capillary refill in their arms and legs.
- Skin – look for any discolouration, rashes, abrasions, discomfort, or lumps throughout your entire body.
- Psychosocial –If they have any spiritual or religious beliefs that they must follow, if they live a healthy lifestyle, or if they use illegal drugs in any way.
- Safety - check to see whether their safety measures are handy or if they have access to call a nurse, adjust the bed, etc.
Thus, the results found in head-to-toe assessments contributes towards assessment patterns which need in other specialized form of assessments.
2. Specialized Nursing Assessments
These examinations focus on a single body system while indicating an issue, dysfunction, or worry. It could refer to one or more body systems. When a patient appears with a specific problem, it is performed in emergency rooms. Their goal is to find and fix a specific problem causing the patient's disease. By taking into account the previous head-to-toe assessments and inputs from the patient, nurses can use their clinical judgement expertise to identify which specialized examinations apply to their patient. Nurses perform focused or specialized form of assessments in these areas:
- Musculoskeletal assessment.
- Renal assessment
- Ears, Nose and Throat (ENT) assessment
- Respiratory assessment.
- Gastrointestinal assessment.
- Cardiovascular assessment.
- Skin assessment.
- Eye assessment.
- Neurological assessment.
3. Emergency Assessments
A nurse must ensure that the patient stays stable after performing this exam and not become unduly preoccupied with that one component of the assessment. Efforts should be made to care for unfinished sections.
In these assessments, the presumption of an emergency takes precedence over regular procedures. It also employs the acronym ABCCS. Nurses are required to perform emergency assessments when they first encounter patients under critical conditions. Here’s what the acronym means:
- A = airway – airflows must flowing in a free manner
- B = breathing – breathing should be normal
- C = circulation – the patient’s cardiac pulse should be normal
- C = consciousness – patient must be in full senses
- S = safety – patient must be safe from any internal or external harm
Once the patient’s condition is stabilized, nurses can stop performing the emergency assessments and transit towards their initial modes of assessment procedures.
4. Med-Surg Nursing Assessments
Under this form, the patient that undergo any surgical operations are also subject to a thorough nursing assessment. Nurses in charge of treating patient ailment must keep close supervision of treatment operations and procedures. Our assignment help experts advise that this is aan imperative nursing function and must be practiced regularly so that clinicians and nursing staff know the patient's condition in every treatment stage.
Nurses must take into account the following additional items:
- Assess any lines, tubes, drains, and airways
- Intake and output of the patient
- Compare patient’s current heart vitals and report labs to previous results
- Make sure there is minimal intervention of external pressures
- Correct medicines are being infused into an IV with correct doses and rates
5. ICU Assessments
ICU evaluations are comparable to head-to-toe evaluations, but they are not the same. Due to the importance of the patient's care, these assessments are more comprehensive. Nurses must examine drips, ventilators, monitors, and medications to verify the specified levels of lab requirements if needed, and ensure that the alarms are set on timely basis. These specification require strict adherence while checking clinical equipments that overlook neural exams, suction, heart sounds, dressings, bowel sounds, catherers and lung sounds as these are extremities included in ICU examinations. This is a thorough examination that is vital to the patient's health.
As we can see, these assessments are significantly important in your nursing career. It does not dull the complex nursing assignments you have to write while studying this field. Our experts from assignment help Sydney are familiar with different nursing assignments in all of Australia. So in case, there is any doubt, you can contact nursing assignment help.